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J Infect Dis. 2003 Jun 1;187(11):1735-47. Epub 2003 May 15.

Polyclonal proliferation and apoptosis of CCR5+ T lymphocytes during primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection: regulation by interleukin (IL)-2, IL-15, and Bcl-2.

Author information

1
Centre for Immunology, St. Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

We measured apoptosis of subsets of T lymphocytes by single-cell analysis of caspase activation, to confirm high turnover of chemokine receptor CCR5(+) T cells in subjects with acute, primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection (PHI). High levels of spontaneous apoptosis, consisting mainly of CD8(+) T lymphocytes, were closely associated with increases in the activation markers Ki-67, CD38, and the HIV coreceptor CCR5 and with decreases in Bcl-2 and the interleukin (IL)-7 receptor at the single-cell level. Increased expression of Ki-67 and CCR5 ex vivo, as well as increased apoptosis, was seen in all T cell receptor beta-chain variable region (TCRBV) subfamilies studied. The addition of IL-2 or IL-15, but not IL-7, significantly inhibited caspase activation, increased Bcl-2 expression, and rapidly initiated proliferation in vitro of CD8(+) T cells expressing CCR5 and multiple TCRBV subfamilies. Furthermore, IL-15 receptor alpha-chain messenger RNA levels were increased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells during PHI. These results suggest that CCR5(+)Ki-67(+)Bcl-2(dim) activated T cells generated during PHI traffic via blood to tissue sites, where the cells may survive and/or further proliferate under the local influence of IL-2 or IL-15. Understanding cytokine effects on CCR5(+) T cells will be important in understanding chronic HIV-1 replication and pathogenesis.

PMID:
12751031
DOI:
10.1086/375030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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