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J Infect Dis. 2003 Jun 1;187(11):1679-85. Epub 2003 May 9.

Heritability analysis of cytokines as intermediate phenotypes of tuberculosis.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

Numerous studies have provided support for genetic susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB); however, heterogeneity in disease expression has hampered previous genetic studies. The purpose of this work was to investigate possible intermediate phenotypes for TB. A set of cytokine profiles, including antigen-stimulated whole-blood assays for interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, and the ratio of IFN to TNF, were analyzed in 177 pedigrees from a community in Uganda with a high prevalence of TB. The heritability of these variables was estimated after adjustment for covariates, and TNF-alpha, in particular, had an estimated heritability of 68%. A principal component analysis of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and TGF-beta reflected the immunologic model of TB. In this analysis, the first component explained >38% of the variation in the data. This analysis illustrates the value of such intermediate phenotypes in mapping susceptibility loci for TB and demonstrates that this area deserves further research.

PMID:
12751024
PMCID:
PMC3419478
DOI:
10.1086/375249
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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