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Ophthalmology. 2003 May;110(5):966-70.

Replacing the Amsler grid: a new method for monitoring patients with age-related macular degeneration.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate a method that uses hyperacuity, the Macular Computerized Psychophysical Test (MCPT), to evaluate the central macular visual field in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

DESIGN:

Prospective case-control study of a diagnostic test.

PARTICIPANTS AND CONTROLS:

One hundred eight eyes of 108 Patients with AMD and 51 eyes of 51 age-matched patients with no retinal disease. Patients with AMD included 32 (30%) patients with choroidal neovascularization (CNV), 23 (21%) with geographic atrophy (GA), 35 (32%) with AMD with high-risk characteristics (HRC), and 18 (17%) with early AMD with non-HRC.

TESTING:

Each subject underwent the MCPT, in which a virtual line composed of dots (white dots on a black background, maximal contrast) is flashed across different macular loci to a perifoveal radius of 7 degrees. Patients' responses were recorded and automatically analyzed using a specific algorithm developed before the onset of the study. All patients also underwent a supervised Amsler grid examination on the encounter before or after the MCPT in random order.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Distortion, scotoma, or blurring perceived by the patient after a swift change of fixation was considered positive on the MCPT. Any perception of distortion, scotoma, or blurring was considered positive on the Amsler grid.

RESULTS:

Of the 32 patients with CNV, 30 (94%) were found positive on the MCPT and 11 (34%) were found positive on the Amsler grid. Of the 23 GA patients, 21 (91%) were found positive on the MCPT and 7 (30%) were found positive on the Amsler grid. Of the 35 HRC patients, 28 (80%) were found positive on the MCPT and 3 (9%) were found positive on the Amsler grid, and of the 18 early AMD with non-HRC patients, 8 (44%) were found positive on the MCPT and 3 (17%) were found positive on the Amsler grid. Of the 51 controls, 3 (6%) were positive on the MCPT and 1 (2%) was positive on the Amsler grid.

CONCLUSIONS:

The MCPT was superior to the Amsler grid in detecting AMD-related lesions in this cohort. Studies are underway to determine whether the MCPT is feasible for home monitoring to provide early detection of progression to CNV.

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PMID:
12750099
DOI:
10.1016/S0161-6420(03)00074-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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