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Theriogenology. 2003 Jul;60(2):319-30.

Estrus synchronization in beef cows: comparison between GnRH+PGF2alpha+GnRH and PRID+PGF2alpha+eCG.

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  • 1Ecole Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Unité Mixte de Recherche INRA/ENVA 1190, 7 Av. du Général de Gaulle, 94704 Maisons-Alfort Cedex, France.


The aim of this study was to compare two protocols for estrus synchronization in suckled beef cows over a 2 years period. The population studied consisted of 172 Charolais and 168 Limousin cows from 12 and 14 beef herds, respectively. In each herd, cows were allotted to groups according to parity, body condition score and calving difficulty. Cows in Group 1 (n=174) received PRID on Day-8 with estradiol benzoate (10mg, vaginal capsule), dinoprost on Day-4 (25mg i.m.), eCG on Day 2 (500 IU i.m.). The PRID was removed on Day-2 and cows were inseminated on Day 0, 56 h after PRID was removed. Cows in Group 2 (n=166) received GnRH on Day-10 (100 microg i.m.), dinoprost on Day-3 (25mg i.m.) and GnRH on Day-1 (100 microg i.m.), and were inseminated on Day 0, 16-24h after the last GnRH treatment. Plasma progesterone concentrations were measured to determine cyclicity prior to treatment (Days-20 and -10), to confirm the occurrence of ovulation (Days 0 and 10) and to determine the apparent early pregnancy rate (Days 0, 10 and 24). Pregnancy diagnosis was performed by ultrasonography between Days 35 and 45. The effects of various factors on ovulation, apparent early pregnancy and pregnancy rates were studied using logistic mixed models. There was no significant difference between Groups 1 and 2, respectively, for the cyclicity rate before treatment (80.5% versus 80.1%), for apparent pregnancy rate on Day 24 (62.1% versus 54.8%, P=0.09) and for pregnancy rate on Days 35-45 (53.8% versus 46.3%, P=0.16). Ovulation rate was higher (P<0.01) in Group 1 (90.8%) than in Group 2 (77.1%) and was affected by cyclicity prior to treatment in Group 2 but not in Group 1 (Group 1: 88.2% in anestrous cows versus 91.4% in cyclic cows; Group 2: 45.5% in anestrous cows versus 85.0% in cyclic cows, P interaction=0.05). Apparent pregnancy rates on Day 24 were influenced by the year of study (52.4% versus 68.8%, OR=2.12, P<0.01) and by the cyclicity before treatment (anestrous cows 46.3% versus cyclic cows 61.5%, OR=1.86, P<0.05). Pregnancy rates at 35-45 days were influenced by the year of study (44.2% versus 59.8%, OR=1.92, P<0.01). In conclusion, although pregnancy rates were similar for the two treatments, the combination of GnRH+PGF2alpha+GnRH in suckled beef cows induced a lower rate of ovulation than treatment with PRID+PGF2alpha, particularly in anestrous cows.

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