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Drugs. 2003;63(11):1059-66.

Management of patients with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis.

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  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA.


Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) is by no means uncommon and is a source of considerable physical discomfort in addition to serving as a major therapeutic challenge. The syndrome is multifactorial in aetiology and hence management strategies must recognise the complex aetiological pathways. Many women receiving the misplaced diagnosis of RVVC have a variety of other infectious and non-infectious entities presenting with identical symptoms. Hence the first step in management is confirming the diagnosis of RVVC including microbial confirmation and species identification. Efforts should be made to identify and correct a causal mechanism. Maintenance suppressive azole antifungal regimens are highly effective in controlling symptoms, although cure is less common. Further advances in achieving higher cure rates await the availability of non-azole fungicidal agents.

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