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Syst Appl Microbiol. 2003 Mar;26(1):76-83.

Croceibacter atlanticus gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel marine bacterium in the family Flavobacteriaceae.

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Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331, USA.


A bright, saffron-colored marine bacterium HTCC2559T was isolated from the Bermuda Atlantic Time Series station in the western Sargasso Sea, Atlantic Ocean by high throughput culturing methods and characterized by polyphasic approaches. Phenotypic data and phylogenetic analyses showed that the strain is a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae. The strain was gram-negative, non-motile, chemoheterotrophic, strictly aerobic, NaCl-requiring, rod-shaped cells that contain carotenoid pigments but not flexirubin. Several kinds of macromolecules (gelatin, DNA, starch, casein, and elastin) were degraded and carbohydrates, sugar alcohols, organic acids, and amino acids were utilized as sole carbon sources. The dominant fatty acids were branched or hydroxy acids, and 3-OH i17:0, i15:0, i15:1, and i17:1 omega9c were abundant. The DNA G+C content of the strain is 34.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses using three treeing algorithms based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the strain formed a very distinct lineage that is allied closely with several seawater environmental clones in the family Flavobacteriaceae. Therefore, it is proposed from the polyphasic studies that strain HTCC2559T (=ATCC BAA-628T = KCTC 12090T) belongs to a new genus and species named Croceibacter atlanticus gen. nov., sp. nov.

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