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Endocrinology. 2003 Jun;144(6):2496-504.

Vitamin D and dexamethasone inversely regulate parathyroid hormone-induced regulator of G protein signaling-2 expression in osteoblast-like cells.

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Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Heidelberg University Children's Hospital, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.


The PTH/PTHrP receptor stimulates both adenylate cyclase- and phospholipase C-dependent signaling pathways via different G proteins. The biological actions of PTH on bone are modified by steroid hormones. PTH induces expression of regulator of G protein signaling (RGS)-2, a putative preferential inhibitor of G(q)-mediated phospholipase C activation. We investigated whether steroid hormones interfere with PTH signaling by modulating PTH-induced RGS-2 expression in osteoblast-like UMR 106-01 cells. PTH (1-34) rapidly and transiently induced expression of RGS-2 mRNA and protein via the cAMP/protein kinase A pathway within 30 min, with maximal protein abundance after 2 h. PTH-induced RGS-2 preferentially bound to Galpha(q), compared with Galpha(s) protein. 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) pretreatment enhanced PTH-induced RGS-2 mRNA and protein accumulation, whereas dexamethasone preincubation had an attenuating effect. These effects were due to modulation of the RGS-2 gene transcription rate, which increased by 35% with 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) and decreased by 63% with dexamethasone pretreatment. RGS-2 mRNA half-life was not affected by either steroid. The transcriptional effects of dexamethasone and 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) were independent of PTH/PTHrP receptor activation and were not explained by effects on cAMP accumulation, cAMP response element-binding protein expression or phosphorylation, or the abundance of the osteoblast-specific transcription factor core-binding factor alpha (CBFa1/Runx2), a known activator of RGS-2 expression. In conclusion, glucocorticoids and 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) inversely modulate PTH-induced RGS-2 gene transcription. Regulation of RGS-2 may constitute a novel mechanism by which steroids modulate signaling via the PTH/PTHrP receptor and other G protein-coupled receptors in bone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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