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Int J Exp Diabesity Res. 2003 Jan-Mar;4(1):7-12.

Ins1 gene up-regulated in a beta-cell line derived from Ins2 knockout mice.

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Department of Genetics, Development and Molecular Pathology, Institut Cochin, INSERM, CNRS, Université René Descartes, Paris, France.


The authors have derived a new beta-cell line (betaIns2(-/-lacZ)) from Ins2-/- mice that carry the lacZ reporter gene under control of the Ins2 promoter. betaIns2(-/-lacZ) cells stained positively using anti-insulin antibody, expressed beta-cell-specific genes encoding the transcription factor PDX-1, glucokinase, and Glut-2, retained glucose-responsiveness for insulin secretion, and expressed the lacZ gene. Analysis of Ins1 expression by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed that Ins1 transcripts were significantly raised to compensate for the lack of Ins2 transcripts in betaIns2(-/-lacZ) cells, as compared to those found in betaTC1 cells expressing both Ins1/Ins2. Thus, transcriptional up-regulation of the remaining functional insulin gene in Ins2-/- mice could potentially contribute to the beta-cell adaptation exhibited by these mutants, in addition to the increase in beta-cell mass that we previously reported. We have also shown that lacZ expression, as analyzed by determining beta-galactosidase activity, was up-regulated by incubating betaIns2(-/-lacZ) cells with GLP-1 and/or IBMX, 2 known stimulators of insulin gene expression. These cells thus represent a new tool for testing of molecules capable of stimulating Ins2 promoter activity.

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