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J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2003 May;14(5):482-91.

Detection of estrogen DNA-adducts in human breast tumor tissue and healthy tissue by combined nano LC-nano ES tandem mass spectrometry.

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Nucleoside Research and Mass Spectrometry Unit, Department of Chemistry, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.


For the first time estrogen DNA-adducts were identified in DNA human breast tumor tissue using nano-LC coupled to nano-Electrospray Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Normal breast tissue was analyzed analogously. The data obtained in the five breast tumor and five adjacent normal tissue samples were compared qualitatively, but no straightforward difference was observed. Prior to LC-MS analysis the DNA was enzymatically hydrolyzed to a nucleoside pool. The DNA-hydrolysates were directly injected onto a column switching system developed for on-line sample clean-up and subsequent analysis of the DNA-adducts. In four patients using Premarin, DNA-adducts of 4-hydroxy-equilenin (4OHEN) were detected. All except three samples contained DNA-adducts from 4-hydroxy-estradiol or 4-hydroxy-estrone. Also DNA isolated from eight alcohol fixed and paraffin embedded breast tumor tissue showed the presence of different estrogen DNA-adducts. Worthwhile mentioning is the presence of adducts responding to m/z 570 > m/z 454 transition. This is a well-known SRM-transition indicative for the presence of the 2'-deoxyguanosine (dGuo) adduct of Benzo[a]pyrene.

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