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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 May 30;305(2):345-52.

Interaction of the deafness-dystonia protein DDP/TIMM8a with the signal transduction adaptor molecule STAM1.

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Cellular Neurology Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Building 36, Room 5W21, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892-4164, USA.


The Mohr-Tranebjaerg-Jensen deafness-dystonia-optic atrophy protein DDP/TIMM8a is translated on cytoplasmic ribosomes but targeted ultimately to the mitochondrial intermembrane space, where it is involved in mitochondrial protein import. STAM1 is a cytoplasmic signal-transducing adaptor molecule implicated in cytokine signaling. We report here a direct interaction between DDP and STAM1, identified by yeast two-hybrid screening and confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation, fusion protein "pull downs," and nuclear redistribution assays. DDP coordinates Zn(2+), and Zn(2+) was found to stimulate the DDP-STAM1 interaction in vitro. Endogenous STAM1 localizes predominantly to early endosomes, and we found no evidence that STAM1 is imported into mitochondria in vitro. Thus, the DDP-STAM1 interaction likely occurs in the cytoplasm or at the mitochondrial outer membrane. The DDP-STAM1 interaction requires a coiled-coil region in STAM1 that overlaps with the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM), a region previously shown to be important for interaction with Jak2/3 and hepatocyte growth factor-regulated tyrosine kinase substrate (Hrs). Thus, DDP binding may alter the interactions of STAM1 with several cytoplasmic proteins involved in cell signaling and endosomal trafficking.

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