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Circulation. 2003 Jun 3;107(21):2747-52. Epub 2003 May 12.

Third-generation beta-blockers stimulate nitric oxide release from endothelial cells through ATP efflux: a novel mechanism for antihypertensive action.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nebivolol and carvedilol are third-generation beta-adrenoreceptor antagonists, which unlike classic beta-blockers, have additional endothelium-dependent vasodilating properties specifically related to microcirculation by a molecular mechanism that still remains unclear. We hypothesized that nebivolol and carvedilol stimulate NO release from microvascular endothelial cells by extracellular ATP, which is a well-established potent autocrine and paracrine signaling factor modulating a variety of cellular functions through the activation of P2-purinoceptors.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Contraction and relaxation of renal glomerular vasculature were measured by determination of intracapillary volume with [3H]-inulin. Biologically active NO was measured with highly sensitive porphyrinic NO microsensors in a single glomerular endothelial cell (GEC). Extracellular ATP was measured by a luciferin-luciferase assay. Enzymatic degradation of extracellular ATP by apyrase and blockade of P2Y-purinoceptors by suramin or reactive blue 2 inhibited both beta-blocker-induced glomerular vasorelaxations and beta-blocker-stimulated NO release from GECs. Both beta-blocker-induced vasorelaxations were in the micromolar concentration range identical to that required for the beta-blocker stimulation of ATP and NO release from GECs. The maximum of NO release for nebivolol and carvedilol was very similar (188+/-14 and 226+/-17, respectively). Blockade of ATP release by a mechanosensitive ion channel blocker, Gd3+, inhibited the beta-blocker-dependent release of ATP and NO from GECs.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate for the first time that nebivolol and carvedilol induce relaxation of renal glomerular microvasculature through ATP efflux with consequent stimulation of P2Y-purinoceptor-mediated NO release from GECs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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