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Exp Gerontol. 2003 May;38(5):573-82.

Short-term supplementation with lutein affects biomarkers of lutein status similarly in young and elderly subjects.

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  • 1Unité Maladies Métaboliques et Micronutriments, INRA, Clermont-Ferrand/Theix, 63122, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France.

Abstract

There is evidence that lutein may protect against age-related macular degeneration, cataract, cancers and cardiovascular diseases, but no data have been published on the effect of age on lutein status. The purpose of this work was to determine whether there are major differences in the status of this carotenoid between young and elderly subjects. Initial lutein status and the effect of a 5-week lutein supplementation (9 mg/d) on the most common markers of lutein status were compared in 12 young (26.9+/-0.8yr) and 17 older subjects (67.3+/-1.1yr). Lutein was measured by HPLC in fasting serum, adipose tissue and buccal mucosa cells (BMC) before and after supplementation. Macular pigment optical density (MPOD), which partly depends on retina lutein concentration, was measured by reflectometry before and after supplementation. Initial lutein status was not significantly different between the two groups, irrespective of the lutein status marker. Plasma and BMC lutein concentrations significantly increased in both groups after lutein supplementation, but not MPOD or adipose tissue lutein. Plasma and BMC responses to lutein supplementation (percent variation from initial values) were not significantly different between the two groups. These results suggest that there is no major effect of age on lutein status in healthy subjects.

PMID:
12742535
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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