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Eur J Pharmacol. 2003 May 9;468(2):129-39.

Intravenously injected CDP-choline increases blood pressure and reverses hypotension in haemorrhagic shock: effect is mediated by central cholinergic activation.

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Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, Uludag University Medical Faculty, Görükle, Bursa, Turkey.


Intravenous (i.v.) administration of cytidine-5'-diphosphate choline (CDP-choline) (100, 250 and 500 mg/kg) increased blood pressure in normal rats and reversed hypotension in haemorrhagic shock. Choline (54 mg/kg; i.v.), at the dose equimolar to 250 mg/kg CDP-choline decreased blood pressure of rats in both conditions and caused the death of all hypotensive animals within 2-5 min. Equimolar dose of cytidine (124 mg/kg; i.v.) did not change cardiovascular parameters. Choline levels in plasma, lateral cerebral ventricle and hypothalamus increased after CDP-choline administration. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) hemicholinium-3 pretreatment (20 microg), greatly attenuated the pressor effect of CDP-choline in both conditions. Atropine pretreatment (10 microg; i.c.v.) did not change the pressor effect of CDP-choline while mecamylamine (50 microg; i.c.v.) abolished the pressor response to drug. Besides, acetylcholine (1 micromol; i.c.v.) produced similar increases in blood pressure in normal and hypotensive conditions to that observed in CDP-choline given rats. CDP-choline (250 mg/kg; i.v.) increased plasma catecholamines and vasopressin levels but not plasma renin activity. Pretreatment of rats with either prazosin (0.5 mg/kg; i.v.) or vasopressin V(1) receptor antagonist, [beta-mercapto,beta,beta-cyclopentamethylenepropionyl(1),O-Me-Tyr(2)-Arg(8)]vasopressin (10 microg/kg; i.v.), attenuated the pressor response to CDP-choline while simultaneous administration of these antagonists before CDP-choline injection completely blocked the pressor effect. Results show that i.v. CDP-choline increases blood pressure and reverses hypotension in haemorrhagic shock. Activation of central nicotinic cholinergic mechanisms by the increases in plasma and brain choline concentrations appears to be involved in the pressor effect of this drug. Moreover, the increases in plasma catecholamines and vasopressin levels mediate these effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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