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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 May 7;41(9):1438-44.

Carvedilol increases two-year survivalin dialysis patients with dilated cardiomyopathy: a prospective, placebo-controlled trial.

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Division of Cardiology, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.



We sought to evaluate the effects of carvedilol on mortality and morbidity in dialysis patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.


Several lines of evidence support the concept that therapy with beta-blocking agents reduces morbidity and mortality in patients with congestive heart failure (HF), but the demonstration of such a survival benefit in dialysis patients with dilated cardiomyopathy is still lacking.


A total of 114 dialysis patients with dilated cardiomyopathy were randomized to receive either carvedilol or placebo in addition to standard therapy. A first analysis was performed at one year and was followed by an additional follow-up period of 12 months.


Two-year echocardiographic data revealed a significant attenuation of pathologic remodeling, with smaller cavity diameters and higher ejection fractions in the active treatment group than in the placebo group. At two years, 51.7% of the patients died in the carvedilol group, compared with 73.2% in the placebo group (p < 0.01). Furthermore, there were significantly fewer cardiovascular deaths (29.3%) and hospital admissions (34.5%) among patients receiving carvedilol than among those receiving a placebo (67.9% and 58.9%, respectively; p < 0.00001). The exploratory analyses revealed that fatal myocardial infarctions, fatal strokes, and hospital admissions for worsening HF were lower in the carvedilol group than in the placebo group. A reduction in sudden deaths and pump-failure deaths was also observed, though it did not reach statistical significance.


Carvedilol reduced morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. These data suggest the use of carvedilol in all dialysis patients with chronic HF.

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