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Trends Cell Biol. 2003 May;13(5):221-8.

Never say never. The NIMA-related protein kinases in mitotic control.

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Derald H. Ruttenberg Cancer Center, Mt Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1130, New York, NY 10029, USA.


Mitosis sees a massive reorganization of cellular architecture. The microtubule cytoskeleton is reorganized to form a bipolar spindle between duplicated microtubule organizing centers, the chromosomes are condensed, attached to the spindle at their kinetochores, and, through the action of multiple molecular motors, the chromosomes are segregated into two daughter cells. Mitosis also sees a substantial wave of protein phosphorylation, controlling signaling events that coordinate mitotic processes and ensure accurate chromosome segregation. The key switch for the onset of mitosis is the archetypal cyclin-dependent kinase, Cdc2. Under the direction of Cdc2 is an executive of protein serine/threonine kinases that fall into three families: the Polo kinases, Aurora kinases and the NIMA-related kinases (Nrk). The latter family has proven the most enigmatic in function, although recent advances from several sources are beginning to reveal a common functional theme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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