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Tissue Eng. 2003 Apr;9(2):337-45.

Calcium phosphate-chitosan composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-2120, USA.


Macroporous calcium phosphate-chitosan composite scaffolds were fabricated and evaluated for use in bone tissue engineering. Human osteoblast-like MG63 cells were cultured on the composite scaffolds, and their response to the materials was studied. Cell morphology, total protein content, and expression of classic markers for osteoblast differentiation were characterized. MG63 cells on the hydroxyapatite scaffolds nesting chitosan sponges (HC1) showed significantly higher alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level and osteocalcin (OC) production during the 11-day culture period, compared with the control culture on tissue culture plates. Cells on the chitosan scaffolds incorporated with hydroxyapatite powders (HC2) exhibited lower ALP activity during the 11-day culture period and OC secretion during the first 7 days, in comparison with that on HC1. The addition of calcium phosphate glass as in HC3 scaffolds increased the ALP and OC levels of MG63 cells. Our study indicated that the hydroxyapatite-matrix composite scaffolds might enhance the phenotype expression of MG63 cells, in comparison with chitosan-matrix scaffolds. Soluble calcium phosphate glasses should be added to the scaffolds to prevent chitosan from fast degradation that may affect the differentiation of osteoblast cells.

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