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Surg Endosc. 2003 Aug;17(8):1200-5. Epub 2003 May 13.

Effectiveness of laparoscopic fundoplication in relieving the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and eliminating antireflux medical therapy.

Author information

1
Minimally Invasive Surgical Program, West Perm Allegheny Health System, 4800 Friendship Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15212, USA. ppapasav@wpahs.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent reports have suggested that antireflux surgery should not be advised with the expectation of elimination of medical treatment. We reviewed our results with laparoscopic fundoplication as a means of eliminating the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), improving quality of life, and freeing patients from chronic medical treatment for GERD.

METHODS:

A total of 297 patients who underwent laparoscopic fundoplication (Nissen, n = 252; Toupet, n = 45) were followed for an average of 31.4 months. Preoperative evaluation included endoscopy, barium esophagram, esophageal manometry, and 24-h pH analysis. A preoperative and postoperative visual analogue scoring scale (0-10 severity) was used to evaluate symptoms of heartburn, regurgitation, and dysphagia. A GERD score (2-32) as described by Jamieson was also utilized. The need for GERD medications before and after surgery was assessed.

RESULTS:

At 2-year follow-up, the average symptom scores decreased significantly in comparison to the preoperative values: heartburn from 8.4 to 1.7, regurgitation from 7.2 to 0.7, and dysphagia from 3.7 to 1.0. The Jamieson GERD score also decreased from 25.7 preoperatively to 4.1 postoperatively. Only 10% of patients were on proton pump inhibitors (PPI) at 2 years after surgery for typical GERD symptoms. A similar percentage of patients (8.7%) were on PPI treatment for questionable reasons, such as Barrett's esophagus, "sensitive" stomach, and irritable bowel syndrome. Seventeen patients (5.7%) required repeat fundoplication for heartburn ( n = 9), dysphagia ( n = 5), and gas/bloating ( n = 3).

CONCLUSIONS:

Laparoscopic fundoplication can successfully eliminate GERD symptoms and improve quality of life. Significant reduction in the need for chronic GERD medical treatment 2 years after antireflux surgery can be anticipated.

PMID:
12739117
DOI:
10.1007/s00464-002-8910-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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