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Surg Endosc. 2003 Aug;17(8):1200-5. Epub 2003 May 13.

Effectiveness of laparoscopic fundoplication in relieving the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and eliminating antireflux medical therapy.

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Minimally Invasive Surgical Program, West Perm Allegheny Health System, 4800 Friendship Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15212, USA.



Recent reports have suggested that antireflux surgery should not be advised with the expectation of elimination of medical treatment. We reviewed our results with laparoscopic fundoplication as a means of eliminating the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), improving quality of life, and freeing patients from chronic medical treatment for GERD.


A total of 297 patients who underwent laparoscopic fundoplication (Nissen, n = 252; Toupet, n = 45) were followed for an average of 31.4 months. Preoperative evaluation included endoscopy, barium esophagram, esophageal manometry, and 24-h pH analysis. A preoperative and postoperative visual analogue scoring scale (0-10 severity) was used to evaluate symptoms of heartburn, regurgitation, and dysphagia. A GERD score (2-32) as described by Jamieson was also utilized. The need for GERD medications before and after surgery was assessed.


At 2-year follow-up, the average symptom scores decreased significantly in comparison to the preoperative values: heartburn from 8.4 to 1.7, regurgitation from 7.2 to 0.7, and dysphagia from 3.7 to 1.0. The Jamieson GERD score also decreased from 25.7 preoperatively to 4.1 postoperatively. Only 10% of patients were on proton pump inhibitors (PPI) at 2 years after surgery for typical GERD symptoms. A similar percentage of patients (8.7%) were on PPI treatment for questionable reasons, such as Barrett's esophagus, "sensitive" stomach, and irritable bowel syndrome. Seventeen patients (5.7%) required repeat fundoplication for heartburn ( n = 9), dysphagia ( n = 5), and gas/bloating ( n = 3).


Laparoscopic fundoplication can successfully eliminate GERD symptoms and improve quality of life. Significant reduction in the need for chronic GERD medical treatment 2 years after antireflux surgery can be anticipated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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