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Circ Res. 2003 Jun 13;92(11):1262-7. Epub 2003 May 8.

Biochemical and genetic association of plasma apolipoprotein A-II levels with familial combined hyperlipidemia.

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1
Department of Human Genetics, Gonda Genetics Research Center, of California, Los Angeles, Calif 90095, USA. hallayee@ucla.edu

Abstract

Apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) is a major protein on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles, and in mice, its levels are associated with triglyceride and glucose metabolism. In particular, transgenic mice overexpressing apoA-II exhibit hypertriglyceridemia, increased body fat, and insulin resistance, whereas apoA-II-null mice have decreased triglycerides and increased insulin sensitivity. Given the phenotypic overlap between familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) and apoA-II transgenic mice, we investigated the relationship of apoA-II to this disorder. Despite having lower HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), FCH subjects had higher apoA-II levels compared with unaffected relatives (P<0.00016). Triglyceride and HDL-C levels were significant predictors of apoA-II, demonstrating that apoA-II variation is associated with several FCH-related traits. After adjustment for multiple covariates, there was evidence for the heritability of apoA-II levels (h2=0.15; P<0.02) in this sample. A genome scan for apoA-II levels identified significant evidence (LOD=3.1) for linkage to a locus on chromosome 1q41, coincident with a suggestive linkage for triglycerides (LOD score=1.4). Thus, this locus may have pleiotropic effects on apoA-II and FCH traits. Our results demonstrate that apoA-II is biochemically and genetically associated with FCH and may serve as a useful marker for understanding the mechanism by which FCH develops.

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