Format

Send to

Choose Destination
FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2003 May 25;36(3):135-40.

Investigation of the biological relevance of Helicobacter pylori cagE locus diversity, presence of CagA tyrosine phosphorylation motifs and vacuolating cytotoxin genotype on IL-8 induction in gastric epithelial cells.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Enteric Pathogens, Central Public Health Laboratory, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5HT, UK. rowen@phls.nhs.uk

Abstract

Isolates of Helicobacter pylori from dyspeptic patients in England and South Africa were tested for ability to induce interleukin-8 (IL-8) in gastric cells. All isolates were cagA-positive, which was used as a marker for the presence of the cag pathogenicity island. The aims were to determine if activities were related to diversity within cagE (HP0544), a locus encoding a key component in the Type IV secretion system, and if disease severity might be linked to a combination of strain features. We found that isolates were heterogeneous in ability to induce IL-8 activity with the 23 positive isolates (59%) showing activities ranging from 260 to 3200 pg ml(-1). The cagE locus was detected in most isolates and RFLP analysis of a 1.52-kb internal fragment showed interstrain diversity with 12 combined (MboI/NlaIII) types. Most cagE genotypes were not associated with IL-8 induction, however two genotypes were found only in IL-8-inducing strains and one genotype was associated with lack of IL-8 induction. IL-8 activity was not associated with either the number or composition of cagA tyrosine phosphorylation motifs and vacA m-type. Although we found a weak association between cagE type and the ability to induce IL-8, our results imply that gastric cell factors or bacterial factors other than vacA, cagA and cagE are involved in the induction of IL-8 and the development of severe gastric disease.

PMID:
12738382
DOI:
10.1016/S0928-8244(03)00022-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center