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J Immunol. 2003 May 15;170(10):5228-34.

Neutrophilia in LFA-1-deficient mice confers resistance to listeriosis: possible contribution of granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor and IL-17.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, Max-Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Berlin, Germany.


LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) plays a crucial role in various inflammatory responses. In this study, we show that LFA-1(-/-) mice are far more resistant to Listeria monocytogenes infection than LFA-1(+/-) mice. Consistent with this, we found the following: 1) the numbers of granulocytes infiltrating the liver were markedly higher in LFA-1(-/-) mice than in LFA-1(+/-) mice, 2) increased antilisterial resistance in LFA-1(-/-) mice was abrogated by depletion of granulocytes, and 3) the numbers of granulocytes in peripheral blood, and the serum levels of both G-CSF and IL-17 were higher in LFA-1(-/-) mice than in LFA-1(+/-) mice. Neither spontaneous apoptosis nor survival of granulocytes from LFA-1(-/-) mice were affected by physiological concentrations of G-CSF. Our data suggest regulatory effects of LFA-1 on G-CSF and IL-17 secretion, and as a corollary on neutrophilia. Consequently, we conclude that increased resistance of LFA-1(-/-) mice to listeriosis is due to neutrophilia facilitating liver infiltration by granulocytes promptly after L. monocytogenes infection, although it is LFA-1 independent.

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