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Ann Surg Oncol. 2003 May;10(4):355-62.

Prognostic significance of vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and angiogenin in patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma after surgery.

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Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital and School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.



Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a hypervascular malignancy. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and angiogenin (ANG) are important angiogenic factors of neoangiogenesis. This study investigated the predictive value of serum VEGF, bFGF, and ANG in tumor recurrence, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) in HCC patients.


Preoperative serum VEGF, bFGF, and ANG were measured in 98 patients with resectable HCC and in 15 healthy controls. The median follow-up time was 43 months.


Preoperative serum VEGF was increased in patients with resectable HCC compared with healthy controls (P <.05). Increased serum VEGF was correlated with tumor recurrence (P =.001). Univariate analysis showed that serum VEGF, tumor-node-metastasis stage, tumor size and number, macroscopic portal vein invasion, and microscopic vascular invasion were correlated with OS and DFS. Serum bFGF and ANG were not associated with survival. Multivariate analysis showed that serum VEGF was the most significant predictor of DFS (relative risk, 2.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-4.39; P =.007) and OS (relative risk, 3.44; 95% confidence interval, 1.81-6.57; P <.001) in HCC patients after surgical resection.


Preoperative serum VEGF is a significant independent predictor of tumor recurrence, DFS, and OS in patients with resectable HCC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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