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Bioresour Technol. 2003 Mar;87(1):41-4.

Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity from red grape marc extracts.

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Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali, Università Degli Studi di Lecce, Via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy.


The aims of this work were to determine the amounts of the different classes of phenolic compounds in an ethanolic extract from red grape marc and its components, peels and seeds, and to evaluate their antioxidant activities by the beta-carotene bleaching test for their utilization as natural antioxidants. The results showed that red grape marc was rich in polyphenol compounds with a clear antioxidant activity. The extracts, in fact, at very low concentration (20 ppm) in total phenols showed an antioxidant activity (AA) higher than 43% on average, while at higher concentration (80-160 ppm) all the fractions had an AA comparable to that of butlylated-hydroxytoluene. Grape seeds seemed to give the highest contribution to such AA, as they contained high quantities of proanthocyanidines, a type of flavonoid known for its high antioxidant properties.

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