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Curr Microbiol. 2003 Apr;46(4):251-5.

Compositional difference of the exopolysaccharides produced by the virulent and virulence-deficient strains of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

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Department of Biotechnology, Pondicherry University, Kalapet, Pondicherry 605014, India.


Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, the bacterial blight pathogen of rice, is known to produce phytotoxic polysaccharides. The extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) was isolated from virulent (BXO1) and virulence-deficient gum G mutant (BXO1002) strains of X. oryzae pv. oryzae and characterized using fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Data from the FT-IR suggested that the aldehyde (R-CHO) group and C=O of acid anhydride are present in BXO1 but absent in BXO1002. The (1)H-NMR spectra showed the presence of an acetyl amine of hexose or pentose, free amines of glucose, an beta-anomeric carbon of hexose and pentose, hydrogen next to hydroxyl group, an acetyl amine of hexose and pentose in the polysaccharides of both BXO1 and BXO1002, and the absence of alpha-anomeric carbon of hexose or pentose and the glucuronic acid in the polysaccharides produced by BXO1002. The test for glucuronic acid also confirmed the absence of glucuronic acid in the polysaccharides of BXO1002 and the presence glucuronic acid (32 microg/mg) in the polysaccharides produced by BXO1.

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