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J Appl Psychol. 2003 Apr;88(2):246-55.

The two faces of transformational leadership: empowerment and dependency.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel. karkro@mail.biu.ac.il

Abstract

Followers' identification with the leader and the organizational unit, dependence on the leader, and empowerment by the leader are often attributed to transformational leadership in organizations. However, these hypothesized outcomes have received very little attention in empirical studies. Using a sample of 888 bank employees working under 76 branch manages, the authors tested the relationships between transformational leadership and these outcomes. They found that transformational leadership was positively related to both followers' dependence and their empowerment and that personal identification mediated the relationship between transformational leadership and followers' dependence on the leader, whereas social identification mediated the relationship between transformational leadership and followers' empowerment. The authors discuss the implications of these findings to both theory and practice.

PMID:
12731708
DOI:
10.1037/0021-9010.88.2.246
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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