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FEBS Lett. 2003 May 8;542(1-3):37-41.

The poplar root transcriptome: analysis of 7000 expressed sequence tags.

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  • 1UMR INRA/Universit√© Henri Poincar√© 1136, Interactions Arbres/Microorganismes, INRA-Nancy, 54280 Champenoux, France.


To date, most poplar expressed sequence tags (ESTs) are from above-ground tissues such as wood, leaf and buds. Here, we present a large-scale production of ESTs from roots of the hybrid cottonwood, Populus trichocarpaxdeltoides. cDNA libraries were generated from the root system of 2-month-old rooted cuttings, and roots of 2.5-month-old cuttings water-stressed for 19 days. Partial sequences obtained from 7013 clones were assembled into 1347 clusters and 3527 singletons. This set of ESTs represents 4874 unique transcripts expressed in roots. Putative functions could be assigned to 3021 (62%) of the transcripts. A significant portion of the ESTs encode proteins of common metabolic pathways; energy and metabolism represented 5% and 8% of total transcripts, respectively. Of specific interest to root functions are the 6% of ESTs involved in signalling pathways and hormone metabolism, and 4% encoding transporters and channels. The current poplar root ESTs and the aspen root ESTs present in public databases represent 6700 unique transcripts. The Unigene set was selected from the ESTs and used to generate nylon microarrays. Changes in aquaporins and transporter transcripts were then studied during adventitious root development.

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