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Exp Cell Res. 2003 May 15;286(1):67-74.

Von Willebrand factor targets IL-8 to Weibel-Palade bodies in an endothelial cell line.

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Department of Plasma Proteins and Blood Coagulation, CLB, Plesmanlaan 125, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Vascular endothelial cells are able to store the chemotactic cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) in specialized storage vesicles, Weibel-Palade bodies, together with von Willebrand factor (VWF) and P-selectin. We investigated whether VWF plays a role in the sorting of IL-8 into these organelles. We examined the effect of VWF expression on IL-8 targeting in an endothelial cell line (EC-RF24). This cell line has retained the typical phenotypic characteristics of primary endothelial cells but has lost the capacity to produce VWF in appreciable amounts. EC-RF24 cells were retrovirally transduced with a vector encoding a VWF-green fluorescent protein chimera (VWF-GFP). This approach enables direct visualization of the cellular distribution and secretory behavior of the VWF-GFP hybrid. Expression of VWF-GFP resulted in the generation of Weibel-Palade body-like organelles as shown by the colocalization of VWF-GFP and P-selectin. VWF-GFP expressing EC-RF24 cells also showed significant colocalization of VWF-GFP with IL-8 in these storage vesicles. Live cell imaging revealed that the number of VWF-GFP-containing granules decreased upon cell stimulation. These observations indicate that VWF plays an active role in sequestering IL-8 into Weibel-Palade bodies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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