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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 May 9;304(3):463-70.

Mitochondrial permeability transition: a common pathway to necrosis and apoptosis.

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Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB#7090, 236 Taylor Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7090, USA.


Opening of high conductance permeability transition pores in mitochondria initiates onset of the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). The MPT is a causative event, leading to necrosis and apoptosis in hepatocytes after oxidative stress, Ca(2+) toxicity, and ischemia/reperfusion. CsA blocks opening of permeability transition pores and protects cell death after these stresses. In contrast to necrotic cell death which is a consequence of ATP depletion, ATP is required for the development of apoptosis. Reperfusion and the return of normal pH after ischemia initiate the MPT, but the balance between ATP depletion after the MPT and ATP generation by glycolysis determines whether the fate of cells will be apoptotic or necrotic death. Thus, the MPT is a common pathway leading to both necrotic and apoptotic cell death after ischemia/reperfusion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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