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Effect of glycine in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

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Departamento de Genética, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias. Calzada de Tlalpan 4502, 14080, Mexico.


Inadequate utilization of glucose in diabetes mellitus favors diverse metabolic alterations that play a relevant role in the physio-pathology of chronic complications of this disease. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were treated daily with glycine (130 mM as optimal concentration) or taurine (40 mM) for six months. Groups of diabetic rats without treatment were used as controls. Glucose, total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and glycated hemoglobin were determined periodically after inducing diabetes. Rats were killed after 6 months of treatment and histological analyses were performed. Diabetic groups that received glycine or taurine showed significant lower concentrations of glucose, total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and glycated hemoglobin than diabetic control rats (P<0.05) after 6 months treatment. Histological analyses of diabetic rats showed pancreatic atrophy and necrosis, vacuolization, decrease of beta cells, and diffuse glomerulosclerosis. Diabetic rats treated with glycine or taurine showed less enlargement of the glomerular basal membrane than control diabetic rats. Our results suggest that glycine and taurine reduced the alterations induced by hyperglycemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats probably due to inhibition of oxidative processes.

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