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Curr Biol. 2003 Apr 29;13(9):744-8.

Evidence for preferential mismatch repair of lagging strand DNA replication errors in yeast.

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Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.


Duplex DNA is replicated in the 5'-3' direction by coordinated copying of leading and lagging strand templates with somewhat different proteins and mechanics, providing the potential for differences in the fidelity of replication of the two strands. We previously showed that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, active replication origins establish a strand bias in the rate of base substitutions resulting from replication of unrepaired 8-oxo-guanine (GO) in DNA. Lower mutagenesis was associated with replicating lagging strand templates. Here, we test the hypothesis that this bias is due to more efficient repair of lagging stand mismatches by measuring mutation rates in ogg1 strains with a reporter allele in two orientations at loci on opposite sides of a replication origin on chromosome III. We compare a MMR-proficient strain to strains deleted for the MMR genes MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, or EXOI. Loss of MMR reduces the strand bias by preferentially increasing mutagenesis for lagging strand replication. We conclude that GO-A mismatches generated during lagging strand replication are more efficiently repaired. This is consistent with the hypothesis that 5' ends of Okazaki fragments and PCNA, present at high density during lagging strand replication, are used as strand discrimination signals for mismatch repair in vivo.

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