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Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2000 Jan 30;29(1):7-9.

[K-ras gene mutations of asbestos and welding-fumes related human lung cancer].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Institute of Occupational Medicine, Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, Beijing 100050, China.


To investigate the K-ras gene mutations in asbestos and welding-fumes related human lung cancer (hLC), comparing with the mutational spectrum of K-ras gene in non-occupational hLC, 8 cases of non-occupational hLC, 9 cases of asbestos-related hLC and 4 cases of welding-fumes related hLC were collected. The techniques of genomic DNA extraction, nested-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and DNA direct sequencing were employed.


showed the mutation frequencies of K-ras gene were 25% in non-occupational hLC and welding-fumes related hLC, whereas 44.4% in asbestos-related hLC. Mutations mainly occurred in codons 12 and 15. A mutation of codon 13 was detected in welding-fumes related hLC. The type of base substitution was principally G-->T transversion in non-occupational hLC, whereas mainly G-->A transition in asbestos and welding-fumes related hLC. THE RESULTS suggested there were obvious differences of K-ras gene mutations among non-occupational hLC, asbestos and silica related hLC. Therefore, different mechanisms of carcinogenesis were implicated among them. However, no speific spectrum of K-ras gene mutation can be derived from welding-fumes related hLC because of the limitation of samples.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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