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Br J Psychiatry. 2003 May;182:444-8.

Mental health of Kosovan Albanian refugees in the UK.

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  • 1Traumatic Stress Clinic, Traumatic Stress Clinic, Camden and Islington Mental Health and Social Care Trust, London, UK.



In 1999 the UK received 4346 refugees from Kosovo.


To determine the prevalence of mental health problems in this group.


A sample of 842 adults was surveyed. All were asked to complete self-report questionnaires (translated into Kosovan Albanian). A subset of 120 participants were later interviewed in Albanian using the Clinician Administered PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) Scale and a depression interview.


The study yielded estimates of prevalence of PTSD and depression. Self-report measures appear to overestimate the prevalence of these disorders. Just under half of the group surveyed had a diagnosis of PTSD and less than one-fifth had a major depressive disorder.


These results may be taken as a sign of the resilience of many who survived this conflict but they also imply that there is still a substantial need for good health and social care in a significant proportion. Psychosocial interventions are likely to be an important part of the treatment programme.

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