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Arch Virol. 2003 May;148(5):999-1006.

Temperature sensitive mutations in the genes encoding the NS1, NS2A, NS3, and NS5 nonstructural proteins of dengue virus type 4 restrict replication in the brains of mice.

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Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda 20892, USA.


Using reverse genetics, it is possible to readily add well-defined attenuating mutations to the genome of wild type or incompletely attenuated dengue (DEN) viruses to generate vaccine candidates that exhibit the desired balance between attenuation and immunogenicity. Here, we describe the identification of eight temperature sensitive missense mutations distributed in four non-structural protein genes that specify a 60- to 10,000-fold range of restricted replication in the suckling mouse brain compared to wild type recombinant DEN4 virus. The usefulness of such mutations in flavivirus vaccine design and development is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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