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Semin Oncol. 2003 Apr;30(2):291-6.

Transplantation in Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia--the French experience.

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CHU Clermont-Ferrand, France.


Published data on transplantation in Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) are still limited. We present a retrospective multicentric study of 27 WM patients who underwent 19 autologous (median age, 54 years) and 10 allogeneic (median age, 46 years) transplantations. Median time between diagnosis and transplantation was 36 months; 66% of patients had received three or more treatment lines and 72 % had chemosensitive disease. High-dose therapy (HDT) and autologous transplantation induced a 95% response rate (RR), including 10 major responses. With a median follow-up of 18 months, 12 patients are alive at 10 to 81 months and eight are free of disease progression at 10 to 34 months. The toxic mortality rate (TRM) was 6%. Allogeneic transplantation was preceded by HDT in nine patients and by a nonmyeloablative regimen in one patient. The RR was 80%, including seven major responses. With a median follow-up of 20.5 months, six patients are alive and free of progression at 3 to 76 months. Four patients died, all from toxicity, resulting in a TRM of 40%. HDT followed by autologous transplantation is feasible in WM, even in heavily pretreated patients, with some prolonged responses but a high relapse rate. Conversely, allogeneic transplantation is more toxic, but likely induces a graft-versus-WM effect and may, for some patients, result in long-term disease control.

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