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Biochemistry. 2003 May 6;42(17):4926-36.

Structure and energetics of an allele-specific genetic interaction between dnaJ and dnaK: correlation of nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shift perturbations in the J-domain of Hsp40/DnaJ with binding affinity for the ATPase domain of Hsp70/DnaK.

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Department of Biochemistry, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA.


The molecular chaperone machine composed of Escherichia coli Hsp70/DnaK and Hsp40/DnaJ binds and releases client proteins in cycles of ATP-dependent protein folding, membrane translocation, disassembly, and degradation. The J-domain of DnaJ simultaneously stimulates ATP hydrolysis in the ATPase domain and capture of the client protein in the peptide-binding domain of DnaK. ATP-dependent binding of DnaJ to DnaK mimics DnaJ-dependent capture of a client protein. The dnaJ mutation that replaces aspartate-35 with asparagine (D35N) in the J-domain causes a defect in binding of DnaJ to DnaK. The dnaK mutation that replaces arginine-167 with alanine (R167A) in the ATPase domain of DnaK(R167A) restores binding of DnaJ(D35N). This genetic interaction was said to be allele-specific because wild-type DnaJ does not bind to DnaK(R167A). The J-domain of DnaJ binds to the ATPase domain of DnaK in its capacity as modulator of DnaK ATPase activity and conformational behavior. Surprisingly, the mutations affect the domainwise interaction in an almost opposite manner. D35N increases the affinity of the J-domain for the ATPase domain. R167A has no affect on the affinity of the ATPase domain for the D35N mutant J-domain, but it reduces the affinity for the wild-type J-domain. Previous amide ((1)H, (15)N) NMR chemical shift perturbation mapping in the J-domain suggested that the ATPase domain binds to J-domain helix II and the flanking loops. In the D35N mutant J-domain, chemical shift perturbations include additional effects at amides in the flexible loop II-III and helix III, which have been proposed to undergo an induced fit conformational change upon binding to DnaK. The integrated magnitudes of chemical shift perturbations for the various J-domain and ATPase domain pairs correlate with the free energies of binding. Thus, the J-domain structure can be described as a dynamic ensemble of conformations that is constrained by binding to the ATPase domain. J-domain helix II bends upon binding to the ATPase domain. D35N increases helix II bending, but less so in combination with R167A in the ATPase domain. Taken together, the results suggest that D35N overstabilizes an induced fit conformational change in loop II-III and helix III that is necessary for the J-domain to couple ATP hydrolysis with a conformational change in DnaK, and R167A destabilizes the induced conformation. Conclusions from this work have implications for understanding mechanisms of protein-protein interaction that are involved in allosteric regulation and genetic suppression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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