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Nat Cell Biol. 2003 May;5(5):410-21.

Distinct endocytic pathways regulate TGF-beta receptor signalling and turnover.

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Programme in Molecular Biology and Cancer, Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada.

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  • Nat Cell Biol. 2003 Jul;5(7):680.


Endocytosis of cell surface receptors is an important regulatory event in signal transduction. The transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily signals to the Smad pathway through heteromeric Ser-Thr kinase receptors that are rapidly internalized and then downregulated in a ubiquitin-dependent manner. Here we demonstrate that TGF-beta receptors internalize into both caveolin- and EEA1-positive vesicles and reside in both lipid raft and non-raft membrane domains. Clathrin-dependent internalization into the EEA1-positive endosome, where the Smad2 anchor SARA is enriched, promotes TGF-beta signalling. In contrast, the lipid raft-caveolar internalization pathway contains the Smad7-Smurf2 bound receptor and is required for rapid receptor turnover. Thus, segregation of TGF-beta receptors into distinct endocytic compartments regulates Smad activation and receptor turnover.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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