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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2003 Jun;51(6):1409-14. Epub 2003 Apr 25.

Hospital outbreak of multiple clones of Pseudomonas aeruginosa carrying the unrelated metallo-beta-lactamase gene variants blaVIM-2 and blaVIM-4.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, University Hospital of Thessaly, Mezourlo, Larissa 412 22, Greece. pournaras@med.uth.gr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The possible contribution of metallo-beta-lactamases in the frequent detection of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in a tertiary Greek hospital in Central Greece was investigated.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

All carbapenem-resistant (imipenem- and/or meropenem-resistant) P. aeruginosa isolates recovered from separate patients during a 1 year period in the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory at the University Hospital of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece, were studied for metallo-beta-lactamases. They were tested by Etest MBL, PCR analysis and nucleotide sequencing. DNA fingerprints were obtained by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of XbaI-digested chromosomal DNA.

RESULTS:

A blaVIM gene was detected in 47 of the 53 (88.7%) carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates. PFGE grouped the blaVIM-positive isolates in six unrelated genotypes; one type included two subtypes. Nucleotide sequencing of the PCR amplicons of a randomly selected isolate from each one of the seven subtypes, detected the variant sequences blaVIM-2 in four and blaVIM-4 in three cases, respectively. They were carried as single gene cassettes or along with an aminoglycoside resistance gene (aacA29a) in class 1 integrons.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that different strains of P. aeruginosa carrying unrelated metallo-beta-lactamase gene variants predominate in our hospital environment.

PMID:
12716773
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkg239
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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