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Mol Genet Genomics. 2003 Apr;269(1):21-30. Epub 2003 Feb 13.

The DeltafliD mutant of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci, which secretes flagellin monomers, induces a strong hypersensitive reaction (HR) in non-host tomato cells.

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Laboratory of Plant Pathology and Genetic Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University, 1-1-1 Tsushima-naka, 700-8530 Okayama, Japan.


To investigate the role of flagella and monomer flagellin in the interaction between Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci and plants, non-polar fliC and fliD mutants were produced. The ORFs for fliC and fliD are deleted in the DeltafliC and DeltafliD mutants, respectively. Both mutants lost all flagella and were non-motile. The DeltafliC mutant did not produce flagellin, whereas the DeltafliD mutant, which lacks the HAP2 protein, secreted large amounts of monomer flagellin into the culture medium. Inoculation of non-host tomato leaves with wild-type P. syringae pv. tabaci or the DeltafliD mutant induced a hypersensitive reaction (HR), whereas the DeltafliC mutant propagated and caused characteristic symptom-like changes. In tomato cells in suspension culture, wild-type P. syringae pv. tabaci induced slight, visible HR-like changes. The DeltafliC mutant did not induce HR, but the DeltafliD mutant induced a remarkably strong HR. Expression of the hsr203J gene was rapidly and strongly induced by inoculation with the DeltafliD mutant, compared to inoculation with wild-type P. syringae pv. tabaci. Furthermore, introduction of the fliC gene into the DeltafliC mutant restored motility and HR-inducing ability in tomato. These results, together with our previous study, suggest that the flagellin monomer of pv. tabaci acts as a strong elicitor to induce HR-associated cell death in non-host tomato cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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