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J Leukoc Biol. 2003 May;73(5):604-13.

Analysis of mannose receptor regulation by IL-4, IL-10, and proteolytic processing using novel monoclonal antibodies.

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1
Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Oxford, United Kingdom. Luisa.Martinez-Pomares@pathology.ox.ac.uk

Abstract

The study of the murine macrophage mannose receptor (MR) has been hampered by the lack of specific reagents. We have generated and characterized novel anti-MR monoclonal antibodies and used them to analyze MR expression in primary mouse macrophages (M(phi)). In BioGel- and thioglycollate-elicited M(phi), interleukin (IL)-4 up-regulated total cell-associated MR (cMR), correlating with enhanced surface expression. We investigated the influence of IL-10, a well-characterized deactivator of M(phi) function, on MR levels and observed that it had a similar effect to IL-4. In both cases, enhanced cMR levels translated into increased production of the soluble form of the receptor (sMR). We have demonstrated the presence of sMR in cultures of stable non-M(phi) transductants expressing full-length MR, indicating that the proteolytic activity responsible for cMR cleavage is not M(phi)-restricted. These data support a role for the MR in T helper cell type 2 cytokine-driven, immune responses and suggest a non-M(phi) contribution to sMR production in vivo.

PMID:
12714575
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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