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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2003 Apr;2(4):234-41. Epub 2003 Apr 24.

Blood-brain barrier damage induces release of alpha2-macroglobulin.

Author information

1
Department of Neurological Surgery, Cerebrovascular Research Center, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.

Abstract

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) failure occurs in many neurological diseases and is caused in part by activation of proinflammatory factors including matrix metalloproteinases. Counterbalancing, "BBB protective" cascades have recently been described, including NO-mediated interleukin 6 release by glia. Interleukin 6 has been shown to trigger production of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors such as alpha2-macroglobulin (alpha2M). We hypothesized that BBB failure may result in increased alpha(2)M release by perivascular astrocytes. This was initially tested in patients undergoing iatrogenic BBB disruption by hyperosmotic mannitol for intra-arterial chemotherapy of brain tumors. Serum samples revealed significantly increased levels of alpha2M at 4 h after BBB disruption by hyperosmotic mannitol. In parallel in vitro experiments, we observed a similar increase of alpha2M release by astrocytes under conditions mimicking BBB failure and perivascular edema. For both experiments, protein analysis was initially performed by bidimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry followed by Western blotting immunodetection. We conclude that, in addition to proinflammatory changes, BBB failure may also trigger protective release of alpha2M by perivascular astrocytes as well as peripheral source.

PMID:
12714567
DOI:
10.1074/mcp.M200077-MCP200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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