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J Exp Child Psychol. 2003 Apr;84(4):338-54.

Motor sequence learning and reading ability: is poor reading associated with sequencing deficits?

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Department of Psychiatry, Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Although it is widely assumed that children with learning disabilities have "sequencing problems," these have not been well specified. A non-verbal serial reaction time (SRT) paradigm was used to evaluate motor sequence learning in 422 children between ages 7 and 11 in relation to reading, cognitive ability level, and attention problems. The children demonstrated the response profile typically associated with motor sequence learning, but the component of the profile indicative of implicit sequence learning was not reliably associated with any of the predictors. Cognitive ability predicted overall response time; cognitive ability, reading, and attention problems each predicted overall accuracy. Explicit learning was predicted by cognitive ability, but not by reading or attention problems. Thus, we found no evidence that poor reading is preferentially associated with a domain general deficit in sequential learning.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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