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Exp Mol Pathol. 2003 Apr;74(2):129-39.

Gene expression patterns in AIDS versus non-AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

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Department of Microbiology, Immunology, & Molecular Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1732, USA.


Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is more prevalent and more often fatal in AIDS patients compared to immune-competent individuals. Potential explanations for these differences include distinct tumorigenic mechanisms and/or altered cellular microenvironments. We previously discovered that the TCL1 (T-cell leukemia-1) proto-oncogene is expressed in a high proportion of AIDS-DLBCL compared to DLBCL cases and that aberrant TCL1 expression causes DLBCL in a new transgenic mouse model. Here, we continue to search for other genes that may contribute to the differential pathogenesis of DLBCL in AIDS. Gene subtraction yielded over 1800 potential AIDS-DLBCL candidates, of which about 50% were unknown and not further considered. The remaining 50% of genes were annotated and, when combined with miniarray screening from multiple patient samples, were reduced to 18 candidate genes for extended analysis. These 18 genes showed distinct patterns of expression in both AIDS-DLBCL and DLBCL samples. However, unlike TCL1, none of these genes was preferentially associated with either AIDS-DLBCL or DLBCL. Our data suggest that the increased incidence and severity of AIDS-DLBCL compared to DLBCL is likely due to crippled immune surveillance rather than to markedly different gene expression profiles.

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