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Exp Neurol. 2003 May;181(1):25-38.

Dependence on electron transport chain function and intracellular signaling of genomic responses in SH-SY5Y cells to the mitochondrial neurotoxin MPP(+).

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Center for the Study of Neurodegenerative Diseases and Medical Scientist Training Program, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.


SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells exposed to the complex I inhibitor/parkinsonian neurotoxin methylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)) activate both survival and death-promoting signaling pathways and undergo MEK/ERK-dependent, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase-dependent, and c-Jun kinase-dependent cell death. Because genomic responses to MPP(+) are not extensively characterized, we used nylon cDNA arrays to measure gene expression following exposure to an apoptosis-producing [MPP(+)]. Many changes occurred within 5 min, and all gene expression changes appeared before biochemical and morphological markers of apoptosis. The majority of gene expression changes in SY5Y were not found in rho(0) cells, indicating dependence of these changes on intact electron transport activity. rho(0) cells exposed to MPP(+) produced different expression profiles, indicating the potential for responses independent of complex I inhibition. MPP(+)-induced gene expression patterns in normal SY5Y cells were sensitive to inhibitors of MEK/ERK (UO 126) or phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (LY 294002), demonstrating regulation of gene expression by these survival-promoting signaling pathways. The primary signaling molecules mediating these MPP(+)-induced gene expression changes are unknown but ultimately utilize MEK/ERK and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase signaling. Genes suppressed by UO 126 or LY 294002 during MPP(+) exposure may mediate cell survival; those expressed in the presence of UO 126 or LY 294002 may mediate cell death in this in vitro model of Parkinson's disease.

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