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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2003 Apr;22(4):254-7. Epub 2003 Mar 22.

Candidemia in a tertiary care hospital: epidemiology and factors influencing mortality.

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Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Cantabria, School of Medicine, Santander, Spain.


The present study was conducted in order to assess the epidemiology and clinical course of candidemia and to identify the risk factors associated with mortality. A total of 143 episodes of nosocomial candidemia were identified during a 5-year period, and these were included in the study. The majority of candidemic episodes were due to Candida albicans (63, 44%), followed by Candida parapsilosis(32, 22%). The overall mortality was 45%. The following independent prognostic factors for mortality were identified: bacterial sepsis, rapidly fatal illness, chronic obstructive lung disease, presence of a central venous catheter, candidemia due to Candida albicans, and lack of antifungal therapy.

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