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Cancer Sci. 2003 Jan;94(1):87-91.

Hypermethylation of death-associated protein (DAP) kinase CpG island is frequent not only in B-cell but also in T- and natural killer (NK)/T-cell malignancies.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871.

Abstract

Death-associated protein (DAP) kinase is a pro-apoptotic serine/threonine kinase with a death domain, which is involved in apoptosis induced by interferon-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and Fas ligand. Down-regulation of DAP kinase gene expression by hypermethylation of its promoter region might result in resistance to apoptotic cell death, and could provide a basis for tumor development. In the present study, we employed methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction to examine the methylation status of CpG islands in the DAP kinase gene in 19 cases of T-cell malignancies (including eight adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma), 24 of natural killer (NK)/T-cell, and 34 of B-cell. Frequency of methylation was significantly higher in B-cell (27 of 34, 79.4%) than in T-cell malignancies (nine of 19, 47.4%) (P<0.05). Fifteen of 24 (62.5%) NK/T-cell lymphomas showed DNA methylation. One B-cell lymphoma cell line with DNA methylation was resistant to apoptotic stimuli, and treatment of the cells with a demethylating agent restored apoptotic cell death. These findings suggested that suppression of DAP kinase expression by DNA methylation might play a substantial role in the development of not only B-cell, but also T- and NK/T-cell lymphomas.

PMID:
12708480
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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