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Retina. 2003 Apr;23(2):139-44.

Massive spontaneous choroidal hemorrhage.

Author information

1
California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe the course, management, and prognosis of massive spontaneous choroidal hemorrhage.

METHODS:

The presenting visual acuity, ocular findings, duration to surgical intervention, and outcomes of five patients were retrospectively reviewed.

RESULTS:

Five eyes from four patients (median age, 80 years; range, 66-85 years) were studied. The patients were observed from 4 to 72 months (median, 33 months). Three patients were on anticoagulation therapy with warfarin; one patient had bilateral involvement with no history of anticoagulation therapy. Three patients were hypertensive, and three of the four had been diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration. Four eyes underwent choroidal drainage procedures, and one was observed. In all patients whose choroids were drained, the final vision was no light perception.

CONCLUSIONS:

Massive spontaneous choroidal hemorrhage may be associated with hypertension, systemic anticoagulation, advanced age, and age-related macular degeneration. Final visual acuities are generally poor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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