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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2003 May;33(5):541-59.

Identification by subtractive suppression hybridization of bacteria-induced genes expressed in Manduca sexta fat body.

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Department of Biochemistry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.


Insect immune processes are mediated by programs of differential gene expression. To understand the molecular regulation of the immune response in the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, the relevant subset of differentially expressed genes of interest must be identified, cloned and studied in detail. In this study, suppression subtractive hybridization, a PCR-based method for cDNA subtraction was performed to identify mRNAs from fat body of immunized larvae that are not present (or present at a low level) in control larvae. A subtracted cDNA library enriched in immune-inducible genes was constructed. Northern blot analysis of a sample of clones from our subtracted library indicated that >90% of the clones randomly selected from the subtracted library are immune inducible. Sequence analysis of 238 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) revealed that 120 ESTs, representing 54 distinct genes or gene families, had sequences identical or similar to previously characterized genes, some of which have been confirmed to be involved in innate immunity. These ESTs were categorized into seven groups, including pattern recognition proteins, serine proteinases and their inhibitors, and antimicrobial proteins. 112 ESTs, about 47.5% of the library, showed no significant similarity to any known genes. The sequences identified in this M. sexta library reflect our knowledge of insect immune strategies and may facilitate better understanding of insect immune responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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