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J Dent Hyg. 2003 Winter;77(1):47-9.

Compound odontoma: a case study.

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Dental Hygiene Program at Southern Illinois University-Carbondale, USA.


Odontomas are the most common odontogenic tumors and are usually incidental findings in radiographic examination. They are classified as either compound or complex. Both types are composed of enamel, dentin, cementum, and pulp tissues. Compound odontomas appear radiographically as rudimentary toothlets and can be diagnosed from radiographs alone, while complex odontomas appear as indistinguishable radiopaque masses and require resection for definitive diagnosis. They are frequently found in association with other abnormalities, and surgical excision is recommended for both types by most practitioners. The possibility of discovering lesions such as the odontoma supports the practice of recommending baseline radiographic surveys for all dental patients.

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