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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 Apr;84(4):697-721.

Does social dominance generate prejudice? Integrating individual and contextual determinants of intergroup cognitions.

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Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale de la Cognition, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS Clermont-Ferrand, France.


Social dominance orientation (SDO) has been proposed as an important variable in the explanation of prejudice. We distinguish between three conceptualizations of SDO: SDO as a personality trait (personality model), SDO as a moderator of the effects of situational variables (Person x Situation model), and SDO as a mediator of the effect of social position on prejudice (group socialization model [GSM]). Four studies (N = 1.657) looking at the relations between social positions, SDO, and prejudice in a natural setting and in a laboratory setting provide strong support for the GSM. In contrast to previous correlational findings, there is evidence of a cause (dominant social position), an effect (prejudice increases), and a mediator (SDO). These results suggest new perspectives on the integration of individual and contextual determinants of prejudice.

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