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Cancer Res. 2003 Apr 15;63(8):1752-5.

Calorie restriction and diet composition modulate spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc(Min) mice through different mechanisms.

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Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7105, USA.


We evaluated the effects of diet on intestinal tumorigenesis in male Apc(Min) mice by comparing AIN-76A diet fed ad libitum (CON); calorie intake restricted by 40% of the CON (CR); diet high in olive oil and supplemented with freeze-dried fruit and vegetable extracts (OFV); and diet high in total fat (HF). Compared with CON, the frequency of intestinal polyps was reduced by 57% by CR (P < 0.001) and by 33% OFV diet (P = 0.04). Both effective interventions reduced total body weight, lean mass, and fat mass and increased daily urinary corticosterone output, but only CR reduced serum insulin-like growth factor I and leptin. We conclude that dietary interventions can partially offset genetic susceptibility to intestinal carcinogenesis.

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