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Neuropsychopharmacology. 2003 Jun;28(6):1182-5. Epub 2003 Apr 2.

Association study of the interleukin-1 beta (C-511T) genetic polymorphism with major depressive disorder, associated symptomatology, and antidepressant response.

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Yu's Psychiatric Clinic, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC.


Proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1beta, are suggested to have a role in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) and be related to the therapeutic effects of antidepressants. To elucidate a genetic predisposition of MDD, we studied biallelic polymorphism in the promoter region (position -511) of the IL-1beta gene in 157 patients with MDD and in 112 controls. We also examined the association of this polymorphism and fluoxetine therapeutic response in 119 MDD patients who received a 4-week fluoxetine treatment. No significant difference was found in the genetic polymorphism between MDD patients and controls. However, MDD patients who were homozygous for the -511T allele of the IL-1beta gene had a trend of less severity of depressive symptoms and more favorable fluoxetine therapeutic response than -511C carriers. Further study with a larger sample is needed to clarify the role of the IL-1beta genetic polymorphisms in the symptoms and treatment effects in MDD.

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